Minoxidil (Rogaine) 5% is the only topical medication approved by the FDA for female pattern hair loss. Everyday foam treatment causes hair to grow back in 81% of women who try it. Liquid options of 2% and 5% solutions are available without a prescription. This medication was initially introduced as a treatment for high blood pressure, but people taking it noticed that their hair grew in places where they had lost it.
Research studies confirmed that minoxidil applied directly to the scalp could stimulate hair growth. As a result of the studies, the FDA originally approved 2% of over-the-counter minoxidil to treat hair loss in women. Since then, a 5% solution has also been available when a stronger solution is needed for a woman's hair loss. There are several treatment options for women's hair loss, including topical medications, such as Rogaine.
Other options include phototherapy, hormonal therapy, or, in some cases, hair transplants. There are many treatment options for hair loss caused by female pattern baldness and other types of alopecia, so talk to your doctor to find the best option for you. Treatments may include topical medications, such as Rogaine. You may need to use one or a combination of treatments for months or years to see full results.
Over-the-counter (non-prescription) minoxidil comes as a liquid, foam, and shampoo. To be most effective, apply the product to the skin of the scalp once a day for women and twice a day for men. Many people prefer foam that is applied when hair is wet. The most common treatment for alopecia areata is intralesional injection of a corticosteroid, preferably tri-amcinolone acetonide (Kenalog).
The recommended dose is up to 3 ml of a 5 mg per ml solution injected into the middle dermis at several sites 1 cm apart, a 0.5 inch long 30 gauge needle is used and 0.1 ml is injected into each site. Hair growth usually becomes evident in four weeks. Treatment can be repeated every four to six weeks. Local skin atrophy, the predominant side effect, can be minimized by taking care to inject into the middle dermis, rather than the more superficial epidermis or subdermal fat.
Rogaine is FDA-approved for hair loss and is available in strengths of 2 percent or 5 percent. For women, it is ideal for treating general thinning of the hair on the top of the head. Results take months and should be applied twice a day. People with alopecia areata develop hair loss when their immune system attacks the body's natural processes.
You may want to try several hair care methods to find one that makes you feel better about how you look. In addition, improper application of minoxidil or application to the forehead or excessive application to the neck can cause hair growth in these areas. Many medications, including minoxidil and finasteride, are not safe for pregnant women or women who want to become pregnant. Minoxidil, also known as Rogaine, is an over-the-counter medication that can be used for men or women with alopecia areata or androgenic alopecia.
In one study8, this treatment produced acceptable results in 40 percent of patients who had lost 25 to 99 percent of their scalp hair. It is important to note that premenopausal women should not take medications for the treatment of hair loss without using contraception. In women, androgenetic alopecia begins with gradual thinning at the parting line, followed by increased diffuse hair loss radiating from the top of the head. Facial hypertrichosis has been reported to affect 3 to 5 percent of women treated with the 2 percent solution and more than 5 percent of women treated with the 5 percent solution.
Whether your hair loss is the result of a health condition or a pattern of baldness, there are things you can do to protect the hair you have. In both sexes, androgenetic alopecia hair loss occurs due to a genetically determined shortening of the anagen phase, a phase of hair growth, and a lengthening of the time between hair loss and the onset of a new anagen phase. Hypertrichosis resolves after one year, even with continued use of minoxidil, and disappears within one to six months if treatment is stopped. With successive anagen cycles, follicles become smaller (leading to shorter, thinner hair), and non-pigmented hairs replace pigmented terminal hairs.
The Food and Drug Administration has approved a low-level laser device as a treatment for hereditary hair loss in men and women. . .